Suicide rate is double among female nurses than that of the
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Female nurses are roughly twice as likely to commit suicide than the general female population and 70% more likely than female physicians, according to a University of Michigan study examining suicide among physicians and nurses.

This study was carried out to estimate the national incidence of suicide among nurses and examine characteristics of nurse suicides compared with physicians and the general population.

This retrospective cohort study used US data from 159?372 suicides reported in the National Violent Death Reporting System from 2007 to 2018. With the use of workforce denominators, sex-specific suicide incidence estimates were generated among nurses, physicians, and the general population. Associations between clinician type and method of suicide and results of toxicology examination at death were calculated, adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics.

A total of 2374 suicides among nurses (1912 women; mean age, 52.8 years), 857 suicides among physicians (723 men; mean age, 59.8 years), and 156?141 suicides in the general population (121?483 men; mean age, 53.1 years) were identified.

--Overall, suicide was more common among nurses compared with the general population. Among women in 2017-2018, the suicide incidence among nurses was 17.1 per 100?000 vs 8.6 per 100?000 in the general female population.

--In absolute terms, being a female nurse was associated with an additional 8.5 suicides per 100?000 compared with the general population of women.

--By sex, physician suicide rates were not statistically different from the general population other than among female physicians in 2011-2012.

--In terms of the characteristics of suicides, clinicians were more likely to use poisoning than the general population; for example, 24.9% of nurses used poisoning compared with 16.8% of the general suicide population.

--The presence of antidepressants, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and opiates was more common among clinician suicides than suicides in the general population.

This study suggests that, in the US, the risk of suicide compared with the general population was significantly greater for nurses but not for physicians.