The effectiveness of a desensitization technique for mitigat
Oral health care provision in long-term care settings is often limited by specific behaviors exhibited by residents, which may be interpreted as a refusal of care. Such behaviors can be attributed to oral tactile hypersensitivity (TH), which is characterized by aberrations in the perception of oral stimuli. TH is also associated with a decline in ingestion and swallowing function.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a technique for mitigating TH (TMH) among institutionalized older persons.

In this study, 18 institutionalized older persons with TH were randomized to a control group or an intervention group. Pre- and post-intervention assessments were conducted for seven participants in each group. Routine oral care was provided by the facility's staff in both groups. TMH in the intervention group was performed by a dental hygienist over a 3-month period.

In the intervention group, the number of areas with TH was significantly reduced. No significant change was observed in the control group.

The results of this study suggest that TMH can effectively mitigate TH. The findings provide clinicians with an additional treatment option for hypersensitivity in older patients.

Journal of Dental Sciences
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