World Iodine Deficiency Day 2020: Hyperthyroidism, goitre an
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World Iodine Deficiency Day, also known as Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) Prevention Day, is observed on 21 October every year to spread awareness about that essential micronutrient everyone needs for proper thyroid function, brain development and overall growth - iodine.

World Health Organisation (WHO) states that IDD is the world’s most prevalent cause of brain damage, even though it is highly preventable.

IDD can start before birth and jeopardise a child’s survival since iodine deficiency in a pregnant woman can cause stillbirth, not to mention the developmental issues, intellectual deficiency, congenital abnormalities and mental health problems it can lead to.


• A study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR) in 2013 indicated that the entire population of India is at risk of IDD due to the soil of the subcontinent lacking in iodine.

• As a result, the wide variety of grains, lentils, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds grown in India do not have sufficient amounts of iodine.

• No matter what type of diet you have in India, the amount of iodine in it is, therefore, very low and needs to be supplemented with the use of salt that is fortified with iodine.

SURVEY by Nutrition International, AIIMS & ICCIDD:

• According to a recent survey by Nutrition International, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD), the percentage of Indian households that consumed adequate amounts of iodized salt in 2018-2019 increased to 82.1%.

• The survey showed that the awareness about iodised salt was higher in urban areas (62.2%) than in rural areas (50.5%), and most respondents found electronic mass media campaigns useful in spreading awareness.

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